When I do school visits, one of the things kids seem most fascinated by is when I tell them there is more than one kind of smart. They are surprised to learn that there are, in fact, at least seven different intelligences and that not all of them are measured by the grades on their report card or how well they perform on standardized tests. It is heartwarming (and heartbreaking) to see the looks of profound relief on their young faces when I explain to them that whatever kind of smart they are, it can help them be a better writer. These seven different kinds of smart are:
- Word Smart (linguistic intelligence)
- Math Smart (numerical/reasoning/logic intelligence)
- Physically Smart (kinesthetic intelligence)
- Music Smart (musical intelligence)
- People Smart (interpersonal intelligence)
- Self Smart (intrapersonal intelligence)
- Visually Smart (Spatial intelligence)
But kids aren’t the only ones relieved to hear of these different forms of intelligences. For any parent of a kid who’s struggled in school, learning of the seven different intelligences can be like stumbling upon a life raft.
The thing is, if your child is gifted linguistically or with mathematical intelligence, then he fits pretty well within the easily measured academic ‘norm’ and has a place within our current educational system in which he can succeed.
But other kids, kids who are smart in different ways, often have their very real talents overlooked or ignored by the very system that should be finding ways to engage that form of intelligence.
The really cool thing about these multiple intelligences is that they are like having seven different keys to learning. Depending on a child’s given strengths, that strength can then be used to as a gateway into making other subjects more easily understood and mastered.
More importantly, as a parent, understanding your child’s strongest intelligence can be instrumental in helping him succeed not only in school, but in life. When we know our kid’s intelligence preferences, we can help them use that knowledge and transfer it to concepts that are outside his comfort zone.
I first learned of multiple intelligences when attending a parent-child school coop that included parent education as part of its core mission. These multiple intelligences were first developed by Dr. Howard Gardner in 1983. Gardner was a professor of education at Harvard University and his theory proposed a whole host of intelligences, many of which were not measured on standard I.Q. tests or even recognized by the educational community.
These different intelligences are unique ways of seeing and perceiving the world and are strengths that are under-recognized by many standard teaching approaches. As I explain to the kids when I talk about writing, they don’t just have to be word smart to be good at writing. Whatever kind of smart they are, it can be used to make them a better writer.
Musically smart people might create sound tracks for their favorite stories. Those who are math smart might be exceptionally good at plotting and story structure. Kinesthetic learners might act out the actions in their stories, or write about physical activities they have experienced. Those who are people smart are probably very good at understanding relationship dynamics, which can be used to make the story richer. Spatial learners might enjoy making a collage to illustrate their story, or even just close their eyes and let the story idea play out like a movie in their head. People who are self smart bring that uncanny self knowledge to the character’s they create.
Below is a list of the seven intelligences, their strengths, and how those strengths can be expanded into other subjects.
|Math Smart||Displays numerical aptitude|
Likes problem solving
Likes to understand how things work
Gets mathematical concepts
Likes puzzles and manipulatives
|Math games, manipulatives, computers,|
mind mapping stories,
likes to quantify and conceptualize things,
use reason and logic, predict patterns,
|Word Smart||Creative writing|
Enjoys words and word games
Ability to reason
Good at speaking in front of others
|words and stories are the strength here,|
reading, writing, books,
discussing, journaling, word play such as etymology,
exploring metaphors and similes
|Musically Smart||Can carry a tune|
Is drawn to music
Sees rhythmic patters
Enjoy the SOUND of language, such as poetry
Good singing voice
Sensitive to the mood and nuance of music
|Emphasize rhythm and sound patterns such as poetry.|
Clap out sounds of syllables, read out loud,
work with onomatopoeia. Set things to jingles,
have music playing in the background for association and retrieval.
|Art Smart||Recognizes patters and designs|
Good at drawing, painting, sculpture
Has a good sense of color
Like visual clues
Thinks in pictures
Good at reading maps, charts, diagrams
|visual clues are key to accessing this strength.|
Draw, color, paint,
maps, diagrams, charts, color coding,
use illustrations to stimulate reading and writing,
graphs, maps, art materials, spacial relationships
|Body Smart||Excels at sports|
Likes to move; dance, wiggle,
Good fine motor skills
Has excellent control over his body
Good sense of timing
Likes to touch things
Good at crafts
|learns best through movement.|
enjoys building, moving, touching,
acting things out using their bodies,
chalk boards, dry erase boards,
different kinesthetic ways of experiencing writing.
Use building tools, clay, sports, tactile experiences.
Oftentimes an allowed fidget aids learning
(using a bouncy ball for a chair, squishing a hand strengthener.)
|People Smart||Good communicator|
Likes group projects
Has lots of friends
Good at reading social situations and clues
|social interaction is key to learning;|
group learning, teams, brainstorming,
collaboration, diplomacy, negotiating,
group discussion, reader’s theater
|Self Smart||Likes to spend time alone, thinking|
Prefers working alone
Good at understanding self
Develops personal strategies
Good at processing emotions
Tends to know oneself
Good at self-reflection
|learns best through self exploration,|
examining concepts within the context of their personal life,
So, what kind of smart are you? Your kids? If you’re not sure, here are some online assessments you can take.
For a much more in depth understanding of these concepts, Multiple Intelligence Institute offers an online multiple intelligence introductory course for parents.